Project Management In India A Long Walk Ahead Construction Essay

Project direction is the subject of planning, forming, put to deathing the activities of a undertaking, whether the undertaking is development of a new merchandise, executing of substructure undertaking, the launch of a new service, a selling run, or even a nuptials. A undertaking is typically created one time, it ‘s impermanent, to accomplish specific ends. One can confidently province that “ A undertaking has a beginning and an terminal. ” A undertaking consumes resources and it has funding bounds.

The undertaking director is responsible for finding the nature and range of the undertaking. This includes a list of undertaking deliverables, the result of a specific set of activities. The PM works with the higher direction who wants to hold the undertaking implemented and other stakeholders – those who have a vested involvement in the result of the undertaking.

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Planing the Undertaking

Planing agencies specifying all undertaking activities. This phase consists of –

Listing all activities or undertakings – how the undertakings are related, how long each undertaking will take, and how each undertakings is tied to a specific deadline.

Specifying relationships between undertakings, so that, for illustration, if one undertaking is ten figure of yearss tardily, the undertaking undertakings related to it will besides reflect a comparable hold.

Puting the mileposts, day of the months by which of import facets of the undertaking demand to be met.

Specifying the demands for finishing the undertaking. Identifying how many people and how much disbursals is involved in the undertaking.

Pull offing premises and hazards related to the undertaking.

Identifying undertaking restraints. Constraints typically relate to agenda, resources, budget, and range.

Executing the Undertaking

Executing the undertaking with the allotted resources, budget within the prescribed timeframe. It involves organizing with all the people involved in the undertaking, assorted sections, internal every bit good as external clients, executing the activities of the undertaking as per the undertaking direction program.

Controling / Monitoring the Undertaking

It is one of the cardinal activities performed to detect and update the undertaking plans to reflect existent clip elapsed for each undertaking. By maintaining up with the inside informations of advancement, the undertaking director is able to understand how good the undertaking is come oning overall. Merchandises such as Microsoft Project & A ; PrimaveraA facilitates the administrative facets of undertaking direction.

Closing of the Undertaking

In this phase, the stakeholders and the undertaking directors come together to analyse the concluding result of the undertaking. It includes the concluding credence of the undertaking and its closing.

Indian narrative in Project Management: Analysing every facet of the Project Management practises in the Material Handling Industry in India and thereby analyzing the grounds for failure of Undertakings.

Undertakings, executed both in the populace or private sector are critical agencies of development and economic upliftment. They are the ideal beginning to bring forth economic system, empower people, guaranting flow of goods in India. In our state, big sum of rupees are being spent across assorted undertakings to increase substructure in the signifier of roads, rail web, air web, JNURM aided urban development undertakings etc. Lakhs of rupees in crores are being spent today merely in the populace sector, with a relatively less sum in the private sector. The undertaking direction in the private sector is slightly organized, but it is the populace sector which has suffered a batch. However, in the stuff handling sector, the major job being clip holds and cost overproductions. Besides in most of the instances, authorities policy alterations, local political relations have had an inauspicious impact on the viability of the undertakings themselves.

I have tried to make an analysis of the chief factors doing clip holds and cost overproductions.

Analysis of major job in undertaking direction in the stuff handling sector –

In the stuff handling industry, the major job being clip holds and cost overproductions. As a consequence, the profitableness is severely affected. Based on my experience in the stuff handling sector, I am briefly sketching the nature of clip and cost overproductions.

Late bringings of the equipment to site

Equipment failures due to hapless fabrication quality

Equipment failures due to plan related jobs

Need of on-site alteration due to proficient alterations originating out of hapless order direction during finalisation or alterations to be made in the equipment due to alter in site conditions

Poor order direction includes – improper appraisal, alteration in range, alteration in specifications due to client demand, etc.

Delaies in site preparedness at client side

Delaies in design blessings from client and several design alterations

Site issues – environmental jobs such as rains, storage issues, local Mafia influence, larceny, influence of local socio-political elements haltering the advancement of undertaking at site

Causes of clip and cost overproductions in the Material Handling Sector

Undertakings fail chiefly because of unable to be after and gauge right, or neglect to implement the undertakings harmonizing to program or failure causes by human factor. Listed below are the three premier causes of failure

Undertaking preparation phase

This factor refers to initial cost and agenda estimations are non revised when more information becomes available as a undertaking progresses. Besides programs are non used right or used to steer the undertaking frontward, therefore doing the undertaking to neglect.

Improper appraisal of costs associating to infrastructural installations at site such as storage pace for equipment, site office for site forces, deficiency of transit installations for site forces particularly when the site is remotely located, improper appraisal of droping and hard-on of equipment of site.

Project execution phase

This is caused by undertaking range alterations, wrong usage of undertaking methodological analysis, major alterations in the demands and proving, and/or reviews are ill done.

Subcontracting work – Major job being the choice of sub-contractor who is responsible for put to deathing the mechanical and electrical activities at site. Most of the times it is observed that companies award contracts to substandard contractor due to budget restraints. The budget factor comes into image because of the improper appraisal during the undertaking preparation phase.

Electricity job – In most of the instances, electricity is one of the premier ground for holds and cost overproductions. Power is highly critical because considerable fiction work is involved at site. Delays occur due to frequent power cuts, electromotive force dips & A ; fluctuations in the part. In the instance where the power is in the range of the provider, the same is being outsourced to the subcontractor. The subcontractor so in bend has budget related and fuel supply issues while keeping the Diesel bring forthing sets.

Transportation – Restrictions in the transit installations for traveling the equipment & A ; stuff within the site adds to the holds and thereby the cost overproductions.

Improper housing, lodging installations for site forces – Particularly at sites which are remotely located, lodging is a major job. As a consequence, most of the subcontractors labour range tardily at site and leave early from the site. This has been majorly observed in North Eastern parts of India. Other basic installations like deficiency of proper canteen installations, imbibing H2O, lavatories add to the incommodiousness thereby impact the morale of the site forces.

Payment – Delaies in supplying labour payment at site lead to labor unrest, work stoppages, lockouts, etc. Delaies in supplying payment for undertaking forces for their site disbursals, local stuff purchases besides affect their morale and public presentation large clip.

Capabilities

Engineering capablenesss, expertnesss in fabricating good engineered merchandises have a greater impact on the full undertaking. Any in-house or on-site alteration originating out of improper design badly affects the undertaking and repute of the administration.

Due to lacunae in the house ‘s fabrication capablenesss, low skilled labor, inexperienced undertaking forces add to the holds.

Undertaking directors are non trained to get the necessary direction accomplishments. Besides, some directors are non able to use and set the theory of undertaking direction into pattern. Poor communications are besides one of the human factors that cause a undertaking to neglect.

Project & A ; Service system support

In most of the stuff handling companies, project direction cells do non be. And if they do, determinations are usually taken in the conventional bureaucratic ways. This is a major cause of undertaking failures.

Indian companies still do non gain the importance of a strong professional undertaking direction division in any administration in order to accomplish the targeted consequences, nor do they supply the necessary support for development of a professional undertaking direction division in their administration.

Environmental restraints

In India, most of the holds caused because of any environmental factors would be the rains. As executing of the undertakings come straight at sites, rains do play a major function in detaining the work and even doing a harm to the equipments. It is seen that due to improper undertaking direction, amendss which could be avoided are non controlled – thereby taking to holds and loss in profitableness.

Besides, certain undertakings are put on clasp after all the equipment is supplied. Even when the holds are from Client, the Client holds behind the supply payment owing to miss of allotment of financess.

Socio-political facets

Intervention from local Mafia and certain elements from the local political parties add to the holds and cost overproductions.

Case surveies in Project Management of Indian companies

The two instance surveies explained below are the consequence of Project Management / Site Management I had done in two of the largest undertakings during my term of office in ElectroMech. The instance surveies below have been entirely written for the Final Undertaking of this peculiar XLRI PGCBM Course.

Case Study # 1

Organization: ElectroMech Material Handling Systems India Pvt Ltd

Location: Pune, Maharashtra, India.

Appellation: Undertaking Engineer

Scope of maps: Undertaking induction, planning, executing, alter control and shutting, Supervising of undertaking advancement, Procurement planning and programming of resources, Engineering co-ordination, Staff acquisition and squad development, Vendor and Contractor development

Duration: 02/06/2008 to 07/07/2009

Client: Hansen Drives Ltd, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

Background

ElectroMech Material Handling Systems, is synonymous with Cranes such as EOT ‘s ( Electrical operating expense going ) , Goliath, Semi Goliath & A ; Jib discrepancies for a broad scope. ElectroMech Material Handling Systems are one of the market leaders in India in Crane Industry. ElectroMech has considerable presence in Middle East, South East Asia and developing states in the African continent. Electromech has joint ventures with international Crane industries like ABUS Germany, STHAHL Cranes, Germany. ElectroMech can tout of merchandises like Single and Double Girder Overhead Cranes ( SGEOT, DGEOT ) , Goliath and Semi Goliath Cranes, Stacker Cranes, ABUS Wall mounted Cranes to call a few.

ElectroMech ‘ s Double Girder Cranes ( DGEOT ‘s ) installed at Hansen Drives Ltd, Coimbatore.

ABUS HB System ‘s installed at Hansen Drives Ltd, Coimbatore

ElectroMech ‘ s Double Girder Semi Gantry Cranes installed at Hansen Drives Ltd, Coimbatore.

Hansen Drives Ltd, located at Coimbatore in the southern province of Tamil Nadu, India. The works is spread over a straggling 60 estates land. Hansen Transmissions, Belgium is the female parent company and are one of the market leaders in Windmill Gear Box fabrication. The works in Coimbatore is one of a sort in India which is wholly air conditioned, basic demand for windmill gear box fabrication. Hansen can tout of its universe category, wholly automatic warehouse, which is even operated from Belgium. The value of the undertaking at Hansen Drives Coimbatore was about Rs. 30 crores ( INR ) , consisting of 137 Cranes of different discrepancies and assorted capacities from the efficient stalls of ElectroMech Material Handling Systems, Pune and ABUS, Germany.

The squad involved in this undertaking was the Undertaking Manager ( Mentor ) , Team Leader, Technical Supervisor, Project Technologists, Technicians and me as Project Engineer.

As a Project Engineer my functions and duties are mentioned below but non limited,

Undertaking planning, executing, alteration control,

Scope definition, Activity definition, sequencing, continuance appraisal

Staff acquisition, squad development, public presentation coverage

Tendering work co-ordination – Appraisal and Rate Analysing

I was responsible of the activities and actions of the undermentioned forces at Coimbatore,

2 Technical Supervisors

4 Undertaking Engineers

3 Technicians

15 squad members from our Contracting Agency.

Organizational Structure with my place in bold black alphabets:

Nature of Work Area

I had to set about extra work this in add-on to my occupation duties. These included the undermentioned undertakings

Wraping up of uncomplete undertakings with transverse functional accomplishments and on clip executing and completion of current undertaking.

Articulate undertaking planning, execution of quality as committed to clients and rigorous attachment to planned clip agendas and safety ordinances.

Active engagement in contactor development and tendering certification and processs.

Key Duties

These stairss were really utile in bespeaking our day-to-day position and calculating our undertaking advancement and success,

Delegating single undertakings and specific duties to team members.

Fixing undertaking studies, site review studies, hebdomadal meetings conducted with client, contractor and squad members were besides recorded by me.

Fixing timesheets, acquiring conversant with project direction tools like primavera were other duties to be undertaken by me.

On site co-ordination with Client and undertaking squad including undertaking bureau, guaranting completion of undertaking as per agenda.

Monitoring of quality and undertaking advancement on day-to-day footing.

Knowledge and Skills

Deriving trust, assurance and co-operation from the client was a decisive factor to guarantee on clip completion of Project. After understanding the client demands and staying proactive throughout the undertaking completion period, the client was now get downing to intrust me with duties.

Serving the client involved a whole batch of techno – commercial parametric quantities to be adhered to. These included

Supplying of general understanding drawings, combined site visits

Combined review of site preparedness with client and catching bureau

Combined material review with client

Conducting hebdomadal meetings to discourse undertaking advancement and hereafter planning

Planning of Technical aid and other resources that were to be provided as defined in client range

Fixing and supplying certification related to project advancement on day-to-day, hebdomadal, monthly footing

Follow up and co-ordination with design for site alteration blessing

Adhering to quality and safety policies as laid down by clients

Undertaking Accomplishments

The challenging undertakings that I faced and cover with during the undertaking at Hansen Drives Ltd were

There was adult male power crunch on site. The squad size had to be increased in order to finish the hard-on and commissioning of Cranes as per the undertaking agenda. This was the major ground for old holds in completion and shutting of undertakings. Recruiting of the proficient staff was a fuss as they needed to be experienced in Erection and Commissioning of Cranes. Interviewing and naming the right campaigner was an extra undertaking, which I did rather successfully. I trained them on the work processs, IS following criterions, conducted safety preparation programmes,

Documentation of day-to-day completed undertakings, day-to-day planning and many other activities that was mandatary was non available. This caused hinderances to a big extent. Focus and accent were laid down on certification of every activity being carried out at any given clip and location. This helped the squad in co-ordination and increased productiveness. This was a major success in developing a really disciplined and reliable squad.

Completion of pending points in Cranes antecedently erected. As the Crane was being utilized by client for their production intents. This involved work to be carried out during break timings, tardily at dark and vacations. To convert the squad and the contractors to finish this was a undertaking. We managed to draw the right strings as a squad and the pending points were completed much to the contradiction of a few inactive co-workers.

My sense of assurance in my squad and myself proved worthy to the client and my employers every bit good. The attempts and difficult work pooled in by my squad, along with my articulate planning, scheduling and executing proved to be the root of successful on clip completion of my Undertaking.

Technical troubles and jobs faced

During the induction phases of a new undertaking factors that prove to be really important are

Client outlooks, climatic conditions, geographical location of site, handiness of resources and resource markets. These are some parametric quantities that could either guarantee completion of undertaking as per planned agenda or guarantee non completion of undertaking.

After legion visits to client, the outlooks were acquiring clearer and more obvious. The major factors clients were looking at were On Time completion of undertaking, attachment to quality policies during executing of the undertaking, safety policies were to be adhered to at any given clip, certification of day-to-day activities.

Overshooting of allotted budget was a major issue. Keeping a check on this was the demand of the hr, to track this issue I prepared a chart of parametric quantities like hard-on costs, stuff purchases, locally fabricated stuff costs and other subsidiary disbursals that were being incurred on site. This helped in prioritising demands.

This method helped to place critical demands and so called ‘luxuries ‘ that were to be postponed to a ulterior day of the month.

Contractor Review

M/S Mass Erectors

Mr. Lateef / Mr. Shafeeq

Sr. No

Reviewed Points

Out of 10

Scope of Improvement

1

Quality Of Work

6

Can be improved

2

Attention to Minute Detail

5

Can be improved

3

Experience of Work

9

20 years+

4

Completion of Work as Promised

9

About 80 to 90 %

5

Punctuality with Work

6

Very Punctual

6

Handiness of Tools & A ; Tackles

9

About all are available

7

Proactive Work Nature

7

Very proactive and forward sighted

8

Engagement for Completion

8

Quite involved

9

Overall Team Spirit

8

Very Healthy and Competitive

10

Positive Mentality

9

Positive and really practical

11

Supportive Attitude

9

Very Supportive

Case Study # 1 Analysis

The below four factors that contributed to Hansen Drives undertaking success are user engagement, executive direction support, clear statement of demands and proper planning are briefly discussed below.

User engagement The absence of user engagement is the major cause of undertaking failure. Even when delivered on clip and on budget, a undertaking can neglect if it does non run into users ‘ demands. In Hansen ‘s instance, the client ‘s grasp and repetition orders for ElectroMech determined the undertaking had met the client ‘s demand.

Executive direction support This influences the procedure and advancement of a undertaking and deficiency of executive input can set a undertaking at a terrible disadvantage. During executing of this undertaking, continual support from ElectroMech ‘s senior direction and stakeholders ensured the success of the undertaking.

Clear statement of demands This refers to the base degree demands. By making a minimum, gettable base degree of demands and so developing those characteristics, the consequence of alteration will be reduced. As a consequence, an added benefit is that undertaking directors are better prepared to joint the demands and precedences of the following stage of the undertaking.

Proper planning This is one of the keys to a successful undertaking. By making a undertaking program while set abouting undertaking I ensured there are no divergences and continued to endeavor for its fulfilment.

Case Study # 1 Drumhead

Working in the Project Department taught me a batch in footings of proficient cognition, fiscal restraints and decisive thought. Along with proficient cognition I got an chance to take part actively in with the commercials involved in a Undertaking and Project executing. As the squad size was big including contractor employees, it was really critical for me to be responsible, considerate and bring forth a healthy working atmosphere, working civilization and manage manpower issues with sensitiveness.

Case Study # 2

Organization: ElectroMech Material Handling Systems India Pvt Ltd

Location: Pune, Maharashtra, India.

Web site: www.emech.in

Appellation: Team Leader, Projects,

Scope of maps: Undertaking induction, planning, executing, alter control and shutting, Oversing undertaking advancement, Procurement planning and programming of resources, Engineering co-ordination, Staff acquisition and squad development, Vendor and Contractor development

Duration: 1/01/2010 – 5/05/2011

Client: Larsen & A ; Toubro Ltd, Hazira, Gujarat

Background:

ElectroMech Material Handling Systems, is one of the market leaders in India in Electrical Overhead Travelling Cranes normally known as EOT Cranes. ElectroMech has pan India presence every bit good as considerable presence in South East Asia, Middle East. Electromech has joint ventures with internationally acclaimed Crane industries like ABUS Kranesystems, Germany and STHAL Cranes, Germany. Quality merchandises from ElectroMech include Single and Double Overhead Cranes ( SGEOT, DGEOT ) , Goliath and Semi Goliath Cranes, Stacker Cranes, ABUS Wall mounted Cranes to call a few.

Larsen & A ; Toubro, India ‘s taking technology company in assorted sectors and diversified concern units. One such is the Hazira Manufacturing Complex, Gujarat, required Cranes for stuff handling at modular fiction mill, ship edifice unit, Turbine Generator works, Shrieking Centre. The entire value of the undertaking was about Rs. 30 crores ( INR ) .

The squad involved in this undertaking was the Undertaking Manager ( Mentor ) , Technical Supervisor, Project Technologists, Technicians and me.

As a Team Leader my duties were

Undertaking planning, executing, alteration control,

Scope definition, Activity definition, sequencing, continuance appraisal

Staff acquisition, squad development, public presentation coverage

Contractor development

Tendering work co-ordination – Appraisal and Rate Analysing

10 T Double Girder EOT being erected at Larsen and Toubro, Hazira, Gujarat, India

50/15 t Goliath Crane erected at Larsen and Tourbo, Hazira, Gujarat, India

50/15 t Goliath Crane erected at Larsen and Toubro, Hazira, Gujarat, India

Organizational Structure with my place in bold black alphabets:

Nature of Work Area:

I add-on to my occupation responsibilities the undermentioned undertakings constituted to my extra work description

Articulate undertaking planning, execution of quality as committed to clients and rigorous attachment to planned clip agendas.

Wraping up uncomplete undertakings with transverse functional accomplishments and on clip executing and completion of new undertakings.

Active engagement in contactor development and tendering certification and processs.

Ability to construct and keep condusive and cohesive webs with clients, advisers and contractors.

Cardinal Duties:

Delegating single undertakings and specific duties to team members.

Fixing undertaking studies, site instructions, site review studies, hebdomadal meetings conducted with client, contractor and squad members were besides recorded.

Fixing timesheets, acquiring conversant with project direction tools like primavera were other duties o be shouldered by me.

On site co-ordination with Client and undertaking squad including undertaking bureaus, guarantee completion of undertaking as per agenda.

Working in sync with the gross revenues, design, purchase, production and quality divisions to guarantee alterations carried on site are acceptable and comply with IS criterions.

Responsible for execution of Uniform Reporting System in the undertakings division.

Responsible for execution of new formats to guarantee smoother operations.

Monitoring of quality and undertaking advancement on day-to-day footing.

Knowledge and Skills:

In order to finish the undertaking on clip, it was necessary to derive clients assurance, trust and co-operation. After understanding the client demands and staying proactive throughout the undertaking completion, the client was now get downing to intrust me with duties.

Serving the client involved a whole batch of techno – commercial parametric quantities to be adhered to. They included

Supplying of general understanding drawings, combined site visits

Combined review of site preparedness with client and catching bureaus

Supplying aid for structural alliance to client

Combined material review with client

Conducting hebdomadal meetings to discourse undertaking advancement and any proficient aid required

Fixing and supplying certification related to project advancement

Supplying proficient aid to undertaking bureaus for site alteration

Follow up and co-ordination with design for site alteration blessing

Adhering to quality and safety policies as laid down by clients

Involved in readying, co-ordination and providing of trial certifications, operation and care manuals as per purchase orders.

Undertaking Accomplishments:

The list of disputing undertakings that I faced and cover with during the undertaking at Larsen & A ; Toubro were

Completion of pending points in Cranes antecedently erected. As the Crane was being utilized by client for their production intents, Crane was non provided for the completion work. This involved work to be carried out during break timings, tardily at dark and vacations. To convert the squad and the contractors to finish this was a undertaking. We managed to draw the right strings as a squad and the pending points were completed.

There was adult male power crunch on site. The squad size had to be increased in order to finish the hard-on and commissioning of EOT Cranes as per the undertaking agenda. This was the major ground for old holds in completion and shutting of undertakings. Recruiting of the proficient staff was a fuss as they needed to be experienced in Erection and Commissioning of EOT Cranes. Interviewing and naming the right campaigner was an extra undertaking, which I did rather successfully. I trained them on the work processs, IS following criterions, conducted safety preparation programmes, guaranting medical fittingness of each campaigner met the work demands

Documentation of day-to-day completed undertakings, day-to-day planning and many other activities were certification that was mandatary was non available. This caused hinderances to a big extent. Focus and accent were laid down on certification of every activity being carried out at any given clip and location. This helped the squad in co-ordination and increased productiveness. This was a major success in my squad development enterprise.

My sense of assurance in my squad and myself proved worthy to the client and my employers every bit good. The attempts and difficult work pooled in by my squad, along with my articulate planning, scheduling and executing provided greater dividends.

Technical troubles and jobs faced:

During the induction phases of a new undertaking factors that prove to be really important are

Client outlooks, climatic conditions, geographical location of site, handiness of resources and resource markets. These are some parametric quantities that could either guarantee completion of undertaking as per planned agenda or guarantee non completion of undertaking.

After legion visits to client, the outlooks were obvious. Timely completion of undertaking, attachment to quality policies during executing of full undertaking, attachment to safety policies at any given clip, certification of day-to-day activities, documentive cogent evidence of undertakings completed, following with completion day of the months as committed for pending activities.

I prepared the formats as required by the clients. Ensured that formats were updated on day-to-day footing, reviewed the advancement and kept the clients in cringle with the advancement. The clients were satisfied with the undertaking advancement and the certification.

Overshooting of allotted budget was another issue. In order to maintain a check on this I prepared a chart of parametric quantities like hard-on costs, stuff purchases, locally fabricated costs and other subsidiary disbursals that were being incurred on site. This helped in prioritising demands, demands, rich persons and good to rich persons.

This theoretical account of working enabled us to cut down on unwanted disbursals.

Team Members an built-in portion:

Success is a comparative term. In undertakings the success or failure depends on the Project squad with valuable inputs from the full organisation. Assuming the legion issues present in all sections, constrictions is a factor that has to be considered during undertaking planning. I have come to larn that issues exist and will go on to make so. But what counts is the squad that has the wand in the manus, could compose a success narrative of an unsuccessful 1. As a squad, every person pooled in their best attempts, and that is why team members are an built-in portion of. My squad did tremendously good to finish undertakings assigned to them with quality as expected by clients. Not come across excessively many clients who appreciate the quality of work. Particularly when it comes from a universe category organisation like Larsen & A ; Toubro it makes the squad ecstatic. The key is co-ordination, follow-up, planning and executing, qualities I possess and set to good usage

Case Study # 2: Analysis

Issues lending to L & A ; T undertaking direction success

Issues

Description

Activities

Undertaking focal point

Time, budget and quality.

Focused on accomplishing these wide ends.

Planing

Engage in be aftering – detailed and systematic.

Planing and re-planning.

Sense of urgency

Limited clip, money, and other resources.

Regular position cheques, meetings, and reminders are indispensable.

Use a tried, proved undertaking life rhythm

Use standard theoretical accounts to construct into undertaking programs.

Identify the best undertaking life rhythm.

Visualised and communicated in vivid item

Avoid obscure descriptions.

Focused in the same way.

Evolve bit by bit to win

Engagement of users in cost and clip appraisal and hazard direction.

Keep a controlled development.

Fight for clip to make things right

Do it compensate the first clip.

Presentation and why it is necessary?

Matched by tantamount authorization

Undertaking results.

Acquire and coordinate resources, petition.

Get the best people

Get the most skilled, experient and best qualified.

Identify the right squad members.

Actively set precedences

Schemes, establishes standards.

Choose the right squad members to forestall multi-project log jams.

Case Study # 2: Drumhead

Even though I have old experience in hard-on and commissioning, Projects did give a whole new dimension to look frontward to. Along with proficient cognition I got an chance to play an active in with the commercial facets. This gave me huge and priceless information of the tendering procedure and I look in front in expectancy for bigger undertakings in footings of value and volume. As a Team Leader I learnt function specific responsibilities and the criticalnesss of co-ordination, range and function definition, executing and precise communicating. Keeping a check on allocated budgets helped me to optimise available resources and financess. As the squad size was big including contractor employees, it was compulsory for me to be responsible, considerate and bring forth a healthy work atmosphere contributing for work.

Recommendations for bettering Project Management in India.

As seen from the above set of literature and instance surveies, our research points to significant benefits from successful undertaking direction. Better undertaking direction requires beef uping project manA­agement capablenesss at all phases of the undertaking life rhythm. The pre-investment phase affecting undertaking designation, preparation, assessment, and sancA­tion is clearly the phase that provides the greatest range for betterment.

Pre-Investment Investigative Work

More scientific pre-investment fact-finding surveies need to be undertaken for large/complex undertakings. To accomplish this, long-run association is necessary between public sector consultancy comA­panies and research establishments. Pre-investment surveies should concentrate on chances available, a planetary province of art reappraisal of tendencies, likely works size, engineerings, locations, environmental imA­pacts, approximative value of investings involved, and procedure feasiblenesss. Such surveies should be widely disseminated and discussed to bring forth originative undertaking designation.

Undertaking Preparation, Appraisal, and Investing

Capital cost appraisal needs to be realistic. SpeA­cial information bank/libraries need to be set up giving clip and cost estimations for assorted activities in completed undertakings in major sectors. Cost estiA­mates should take the likely impact of awaited rising prices and escalation clauses, likely alterations in administered monetary values and pay rates, and exchange rate fluctuations. The estimations should reflect toA­tal system costs including those in coupled undertakings and development disbursals for land acquisition, attack roads, H2O supply, and geological and geophysical probes at site. For closely-held engineerings, outgo on purchase of informaA­tion from abroad will hold to be included. Hazard analysis should be undertaken on a regular basis to imA­prove the prognosis of estimated cost at completion ( EAC ) .

A definite clip agenda should be set up for the pre-investment phase of the undertaking as, our analysis has shown, this phase is capable to inordiA­nate holds. Agencies involved in publishing permits/ clearance for foreign exchange, import license, and custom clearance should be involved in apA­praisal to minimise the hazard of holds in obtaining clearances. Scarce building stuffs such as steel, cement, and crude oil, oil, and lubricators need to be planned along with the DPR to enableadvance procurement action.

Organization Design for Effective Project Implementation

The pick of organisational construction should be in conformity with the nature of the undertaking, its size, complexness, and type of procedure engineerings involved ( Kerzner, 1984 ) . Centralized policy preparation with decentralised execution appears best suited for big undertaking. The organisational construction should supply for scheduling and monitoring, contract manageA­ment, stuffs and equipment procurance, onA­ site coordination and control, and information processing.

Adequate powers should be delegated to enA­able on-the-site determinations and thereby minimise evitable holds. They should include powers to approve excess points, divergences in contracts, etc. The incentive/reward system for undertaking forces, peculiarly in remote, unaccessible, and rearward countries, demands to be improved.

Advisers and their Appointment

A directory of Indian and foreign consultancy orA­ganizations needs to be developed with informaA­tion on their field of specialisation, undertakings handA­led, and past record.

Standards have to be evolved for public presentation rating of design/consulting houses. They should include overall dependability and truth of cost estimations.

Execution

Contract Management. A bipartite command system ( one for proficient and commercial footings and the other for monetary value ) should be preferred. Realistic escalation clauses need to be incorporated in the contracts. The contracts should incorporate effectual bonus/penA­alty clause for honoring completion of work in front of agenda and stringent punishment for agenda slippage ‘s. It will be advisable to confer with vendors/contractors in bordering specifications/inspection criterions peculiarly where usage design and industry is involved.

Undertaking Scheduling and Monitoring. Computer-based web analysis methods need to be used for undertaking programming and monitoring. PERT/CPM techniques and their extensions should be adopted as a regular characteristic for clip, cost, and resource allotment analysis. More usage should be made of S-curves, LOB, and other techniques for monitorA­ing and reappraisals

Multi-level web systems should be adopted for incorporate undertaking scheduling and monitoring at assorted degrees such as maestro undertaking, funcA­tional, and work bundle degrees. Such webs should be prepared for each major catching house. In pulling building agendas, it would be preferred to affect contractors/vendors and elaborate technology advisers so as to guarantee committedness. Undertaking forces should be deputed to major seller ‘s workshops to maintain path of progA­ress and follow up. It would be advisable to introA­duce a double programming system for undertakings ( on the lines of RATS and CATS ) . A undertaking direction information system should be introduced to enA­able effectual undertaking monitoring and control at assorted degrees.

Construction. There is an pressing demand to modernA­ize and update building engineerings in India. Agencies with the capableness are really few. New capacities for building equipment should be created or imports allowed where necessary.

Research and Documentation. There is a demand to research into appropriate undertaking direction theoretical accounts for big undertakings and on specific issues like consequence of undertaking uncertainnesss. Proper certification of experience and informations generated in undertaking planning, executing, and commissionA­ing stages, bespeaking the jobs encountered, remedial actions taken, and lessons learnt, would be valuable.

Human Resource Development. Possibly the most ignored country to day of the month is the development of huA­man resources for undertaking direction. There is no establishment in the state offering a specializaA­tion programme in this field. Programs are scarce even in building direction.

Attempts in post-experience preparation in undertaking direction are besides limited. Specific classs in undertaking direction are non found in alumnus or undergraduate course of study of universities and other establishments. Appropriate preparation and developA­ment steps are, hence, a shouting demand of the hr to finally adult male the undertakings with well-trained forces.

Decision

This study discussed about undertaking direction success and failure particularly in the stuff handling sector, the undertaking categorization and the factors that contributed to project success and resulted in undertaking failure. The top three factors that cause undertaking success are: user engagement, good planning and appraisals, good leading and squad members ‘ proficient accomplishments. Using good undertaking direction patterns would assist to avoid failure factors in the stuff handling industry, and taking to project success. The two instance survey results and the feedback of assorted undertaking direction professionals, stakeholders, senior direction reflect a lucifer on some of the factors that caused undertaking success.

However, the above study besides determines there is barely any formal undertaking direction systems in topographic point in the Material Handling Industry which can integrate the undertaking direction maps to achieve the ends. Even though there are certain organisations which have a PMO in topographic point, most of the companies are still PERSON DEPENDENT. Besides, hapless planning and programming are the chief grounds of undertaking failure. Other of import issues that must non be neglected are the quality of the squad leaders and squad liquors among the squad members.

No affair what, the above still makes us believe if there is a long walk in front for Project Management in the Material Handling Industry in India? I strongly feel there is.