MAYA is an application package which is used for 3D planing in different faculties like modeling, set uping, texturing, life, rendering, lucifer moving, compositing and ocular effects. It was named after the word MAYA a Sanskrit which means an Illusion. This merchandise was developed by Media and Entertainment division ( once Alias ) of Autodesk in Toronto. This application will be used in many industries like Television, FILM, Gaming, Architectural and Planning.
Autodesk is a transnational corporation in San Rafael, California, United States Of America which focused on 2D and 3D planing package merchandises for Multi-Media, Engineering, Manufacturing, Planning, Architecture etc.. , which was established in the twelvemonth of 1982 by Carl Bass laminitis, president and CEO, John Walker the co-author of AutoCAD ( earlier Architectural Desktop ) package which is a flagship of Autodesk and other 12 merchandises. By adding to this Autodesk developed a Digital Prototyping Solutions to imitate, visualise and analyse real-world public presentation in constructing information modeling. Autodesk besides provided digital media creative activity direction package for media industry for the intent of ocular effects, redacting, life, gambling, colour rating etc.. , .
Merchandises of Autodesk: – Autodesk Platform Solutions and Emerging Business division developed many other merchandises like AutoCAD LT, AutoCAD Freestyle, Geospatial solutions, Plant solutions etc.. , . Autodesk started its Media and Entertainment Division in 1999 after the meeting of Kinetix and Alias which is developer of 3D artworks engineering besides acquired Softimage trade name from AVID. The chief merchandises of Autodesk for amusement and media are Maya, 3DS Max, Flame, Softimage, Discreet Smoke etc.. , which besides won Academy Awards.
MAYA was developed by the apogee of three line i.e.. , Advanced Visualizer of Wave forepart, Thomson Digital Image ( TDI ) explore and Power Animator of Alias. All these are purchased by Silicon Graphics Incorporated ( SGI ) and produced one individual beginning codification. In 1990 ‘s Hollywood films used these combination tools for modeling, 3D life, Rendering from Alias, Softimage and Photorealistic Render Man severally for many films like Jurassic Park, Terminator 2, The Abyss etc.. , . At the clip of unifying Alias and Wavefront were working on following Generation Software which had taken Macintosh merchandise ‘Alias Sketch ‘ . The Code name for this merchandise is MAYA. It was developed in the close coaction with Walt Disney Feature Animation during the production of Dinosaur. This helped the package to go an industry criterion with many upgrading characteristics. Maya developed the linguistic communication MEL ( Maya Embedded Language ) which is similarity to Unix Shell linguistic communication by traveling to Tcl as a scripting linguistic communication. In 2003 Alias Wavefront was renamed as Alias and sold to Autodesk on 10 January 2006 and it was renamed as Autodesk Maya. It won many academy awards for ‘Scientific and Technical Achievement ‘ mentioning usage on every characteristic utilizing 3D computing machine generated images.
Autodesk has released six versions of Maya up to now. The first release was Maya 8.0 ( ver.8.0 ) on August 2006, Maya 8.5 ( ver.8.5 ) on 15 January 2007, Maya 2008 ( ver.9.0 ) on September 2007, Maya 2009 ( ver.10.0 ) on August 2008, Maya 2010 ( ver.11.0 ) on August 2009 and Maya 2011 ( ver.12.0 ) on 6 April 2010. Maya 2011 ( ver.12.0 ) was present upgraded version of Autodesk.
Maya originally released for IRIX OS, and so ported to Linux, Mac OS X, Microsoft Windows but subsequently Maya back uping was discontinued for IRIX after the release of its 6.5 Version. Openness to third party package is the of import characteristic Of Maya which stripes the package wholly to its standard visual aspect and merely utilizing of meats, transforms it into extremely customized version. The MEL is provided non merely as Scripting Language but besides to custom-make Maya ‘s nucleus functionality written with much tools, bids, environments which makes energizers to add functionality without any experience in any computing machine languages like C, C++ , Java etc.. , add-on to this Python scripting was added to 8.5 version. The nucleus of Maya was written in C++ . The undertakings in Maya can be saved in.mb and.ma formats which is standard Maya double star and Maya ASCII severally which is human clear file which is incorporating all geometry and life informations besides which is editable in any text editor out of Maya application.
In Maya application we can execute different types of Faculties like Modelling, Rigging, Texturing, Animation, Dynamics ( ocular effects ) , etc.. ,
Modeling: Modeling is a procedure of making 3D surfaces of characters and objects utilizing surface type ‘s polygons, NURBS, Subdivision surfaces which is acute ocular accomplishments and command in modeling tools. In this each surface has its ain benefits and features.
Polygons: Polygon surfaces are a web of equal or more than three sided level surfaces which are called as faces and acquire connected to make poly-mesh. Meshs are comprised of borders, faces and vertices. The wireframe on meshes are called borders of each face. The delimited parts of borders are called faces. Intersect of those borders are called vertex. Polygon borders can be set to look smooth or difficult. Polygons are the preferable surface for many 3D applications like games, web applications etc.. , because it has less sum of informations which can render rapidly, quickly and synergistic public presentation to stop user in gambling and other applications.
NURBS: NURBS means Non-Uniform Rational B-splines which are characterized by smooth organic signifiers. This is a method of utilizing mathematical depicting curves and surfaces which suits to 3D applications. It is used in industrial and automotive design intent because of its speedy modeling and redacting techniques with many applications. It is an ideal to specify smooth gesture way for alive objects besides this can be convert from surface patterning to poly mesh.
Subdivision Surfaces: These are intercrossed surface type which possesses features of both Polygons and NURBS. This besides capable of bring forthing smooth organic signifiers and can redact by utilizing its control vertices.
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Riging: Rigging is a general term used for 3D theoretical accounts to attach to articulations and skeletons for life. It is dependent on the theoretical account which is to be animated and its signifier of motions. The motions can be done by utilizing FK and IK ( Forward Kinematics and Inverse Kinematics ) . Binding of skeleton and character is an of import undertaking which makes both to travel together. It besides defines motions of character ‘s articulations and skin surface bump to imitate musculuss. The method of grouping surface constituents as CV ‘s into sets are called bunch which has to be animated more elaborate degree.
Texturing: Function of texture is a cardinal constituent in the production of 3D Technology work flow. Texturing maps are images which are using in accurate place on the surfaces called texturing function, it alerts the visual aspect of surfaces in alone manner. To acquire an interesting background in our scenes we can utilize illustrations as texturing maps which besides be the most shading properties for a surface stuff like coloring material, brooding, transparence, mirrorlike, etc.. , . In Maya by default we have some texturing tools which makes to texture background efficaciously which is known as picture tools and these are categorised into three like Maya artisan coppice tools, 3D pigment tools, Maya Paint consequence tools. In these artisan coppice tools have a assortment of applications which allows us to modify property values straight. It allows us to better the velocity of work flow.
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Dynamicss: The natural philosophies which describes the moving of objects utilizing physical regulations with natural forces moving on them are called Dynamics. The achieving of traditional cardinal frame life techniques is hard with Dynamic simulations. Maya provides the apparatus of this type for computing machine life, so package performs its operations to inspire the objects besides provide the tools making effects which enhances concluding images and lifes. So the atom effects the creative activity of semblances of atoms like pyrotechnics, rain, detonations, fire and fume and many more which can be simulate real-world physical interactions between the atoms or objects like hit etc.. ,
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Animation: The rapid show of a sequence of 2D or 3D images of graphics or theoretical account place in order to make a motion by semblance is called life. Maya provides a big figure of choice tools for life. Expressions are really of import and hard undertaking. So in Maya it offers alternate to put driven cardinal to get the better of the trouble. Unlike this procedure it does non utilize any life curves to specify the life of properties and can be make for any intent which can be change indiscriminately, rhythmically or incrementally over clip. But it is non possible to blend an look with other techniques in life for same property on an object like set driven cardinal or path life or cardinal bordering etc ‘ , in Maya we can make different types of lifes
Key frame life: It transforms objects or skeleton over clip by puting cardinal frames.
Driven cardinal life: It links and drives property of an object with another object by puting goaded keys.
Nonlinear life: It makes to divide, intermix and duplicates the cartridge holders of life to accomplish gesture effects.
Path life: It animates the object through the curve which has been set by attaching to it.
Motion gaining control life: To acquire an realistic gesture to the characters it makes us to import gesture gaining control informations which can be applicable.
Layered life: It creates and blends life on separate beds without modifying an life beds in sequence without changing the original beds.
7. Dynamic life: It creates gesture of a realistic character by utilizing the natural philosophies to imitate natural forces.