A. What is the difference between a contribution income statement and a traditional income statement?
Contribution income statement is an income statement that classifies cost by behaviour ( fixed cost and variable cost ) . Traditional income statement is sometimes called the functional income statement. It is an income statement prepared in the multiple-step or individual –step income statement format which conforms to Generally Accepted Accounting Principles ( GAAP ) and can be used for external fiscal coverage. The chief difference between the two is that the part income statement list variable costs foremost. followed by fixed costs. Keeping in head that GAAP and does non allow concerns to utilize the part income statement for fiscal accounting – it is used merely for internal determination devising intents.
B. What is the difference between soaking up costing and variable costing?
Absorption costing is a costing method where merchandise cost includes all the costs to get merchandises and acquire them ready to sell irrespective of whether the costs are variable or fixed. By and large Accepted Accounting Principles requires concern to utilize soaking up bing for fiscal accounting. Variable costing is a method of bing where merely the costs to get merchandises or to acquire them ready to sell that vary with end product are treated as merchandise costs. In other words. merely variable merchandise costs are treated as merchandise costs. For industries. the difference between soaking up costing and variable costing is important.
For illustration. when Caterpillar utilizations soaking up bing to find the cost of fabrication. its merchandise cost includes the direct stuff. direct labour. variable fabricating operating expense. and fixed fabrication operating expense cost incurred to do the bulldozer. These costs are added to stock list and they are non expensed as cost of goods sold until the bulldozer is sol. However. when Caterpillar utilizations variable bing. merchandise cost. includes merely direct stuff. direct labour. and variable fabrication operating expense costs. Under variable bing all of Caterpillar’s fixed fabricating operating expense cost is treated as period cost. When Caterpillar utilizations variable costs are added to stock list ( direct stuff. direct labour. and variable fabrication operating expense ) . Under variable costing. Caterpillar disbursals fixed fabricating operating expense as it is incurred merely like it does other period cost such as merchandising and administrative disbursal.
F. What is the part border ratio and how does it differ from the part border?
Contribution border is the sum staying after all variable costs have been deducted from gross revenues gross. It is an of import piece of information for directors. because it tells them how much of their company’s original gross revenues dollars remain after subtracting variable cost. Contribution border ratio is the part border expressed as a per centum of gross revenues. Contribution border ratio can be calculate by spliting the entire part border by entire gross revenues or by spliting the per unit part border by per unit merchandising monetary values.