Breast feeding and Infant Death Syndrome Essay

Literature Review

The country under treatment of chest eating may possibly non, at first, look to be a combative topic that is up for treatment. This is for the ground that an idealism of “ chest is best ” has been promoted all through the U.K and has the authorities as its motivation force. In 2005 the authorities announced programs to reenforce chest feeding publicity every bit good as protection. A nutrient and wellness program of action asserted that the healthy start plans or nutrient strategy would be put into pattern during 2006. This has since replaced milk items with a verifier that can be exchanged for a assortment of healthy nutrient ( dairy merchandises, fresh fruit and veggies etc ) . It does non sell infant expression from health care premises ( Department of Health, 2007 ) .

Since so there has been a steady addition on published stuffs saying that “ chest is best ” . Anticipant adult females are advised to breast provender and freshly delivered adult females are encouraged to at least seek it. Immovable chest milk advocators have warned that bottle fed babes do-not bond to their female parents every bit easy as chest Federal babes. Many female parents in the modern-day society experience guilty refering their wont of bottle feeding to their babe. The medical profession, the media, household and even aliens in the street all eulogize the benefit of chest eating ( Cassidy, 2009 ) . However, the world is that many female parents do-not chest provender and many of these claim to experience like a outcast and that they are someway inferior if they opt for the bottle. Many claim that they do non acquire the support in infirmary one time they have chosen to bottle provender and because of this they feel they are “ detested ” by accoucheuses. Mothers who choose to bottle provender feel neglected by accoucheuses who are more interested in and pay more attending to female parents who are breast eating. Many claim to experience like 2nd rate citizens ( Cassidy, 2009 ) . Despite the thrust to promote female parents to breast provender, chest eating induction rates are among the lowest in Europe. Merely 35 % of U.K babes are being entirely breast Federal at one hebdomad, 21 % at six hebdomads, 7 % at four months and 3 % at five months ( Department of Health, 2007 )

Experts insinuate that all mammals make and let go of milk from secretory secretory organs, and babies have been breast fed since the beginning of humanity. Merely since the nineteenth century has breast milk substitutes become available. Henri Nestle marketed an early chest milk replacement in the United States of America in 1867, but it was 1904 before the first expression milk reached the United Kingdom. Formula milk became popular during the 2nd universe war as it is thought it gave adult females more freedom to assist with the war attempt ( Department of Health, 2007 ) . Interestingly, a survey carried out in 1949 found that as the rate of chest eating declined so did the rate of infant mortality. In Bristol, for illustration, the chest eating rate at three months fell from 76 % in 1929 to 36 % in 1949.

Furthermore, during the same period the infant mortality rate fell from 60 % to 26 % ( Anderson, Johnstone, & A ; Remley, 1999 ) . National dried baby milk remained on sale until 1976 when it was replaced by new modern manner babe expressions. Until so dried babe milk was fundamentally dried full pick milk with a few vitamin C and D addendums added. This alteration occurred following a study called “ Present Day Practice in Infant Feeding ” commissioned by Horne, Parslow, Ferens, Watts, and Adamson, ( 2004 ) . Following this study new modern manner babe expressions were launched which contained added vitamins and minerals. Today ‘s expression milk is every bit near as it has of all time been to breast milk.

Breast Federal babes are more intelligent, have a lower hazard of cot decease and have immune systems that are better developed and are hence less susceptible to bacterial and viral infections. In add-on, chest Federal babes are less likely to endure from allergic diseases including eczema and asthma and more serious unwellnesss including diabetes, bosom disease and malignant neoplastic disease. Breast milk is produced by female parents for their babes. The milk of the female parent is a unrecorded affair which contains unrecorded white blood cells ( WBCs ) every bit good as substances of contending immune and is a vibrant, altering dietetic beginning, which on a day-to-day footing ( at times hourly ) regulates to run into the personal demands of the turning babe ( Vennemann, Bajanowski, Brinkmann, Jorch, Y & A ; uuml ; cesan, Sauerland, Mitchell, 2009 ) . Breast milk contains growing factors and endocrines that assist a babe ‘s development ( Vennemann, Bajanowski, Brinkmann, Jorch, Y & A ; uuml ; cesan, Sauerland, Mitchell, 2009 ) .

In add-on, chest milk besides contains all the natural foods a babe needs to give him a healthy start in life ( Chen & A ; Rogan, 2004 ) . Breast milk has been identified in several surveies to be the lone signifier of nutrition needed for the first six months of a babe ‘s life incorporating nutritionary value and unsusceptibility to certain diseases. ( Chen & A ; Rogan, 2004 ) States that chest eating has many biochemical advantages ; Colostrum which is delivered in the first three yearss of chest eating transportations some of a female parents ain disease forestalling antibodies to the eating baby and this may protect him against certain viruses ” .

Surveies besides report a lower hazard of cot decease in chest Federal babes. Furthermore, a survey published in paediatricss reported that babes who are breast Federals have a 21 % lower hazard of decease in their first twelvemonth compared with babes ne’er breast Federal. The decrease in hazard rises to 38 % if babes are breast Federal for three months or more ( Rosin, 2009 ) . Many research workers besides claim that chest eating helps a kid ‘s mental development as it has been shown that kids who were breast Federals were able to accomplish more and had higher IQ tonss than those given formula milk.

Furthermore, babies who were breast fed obtained a 3.16 point higher mark for cognitive development compared with those who were formula fed. This claim was observed every bit early as six months of age and was sustained to fifteen old ages of age, the last clip of dependable step ( Anderson, Johnstone, & A ; Remley, 1999 ) . Furthermore the research workers found that longer continuance of breastfeeding was accompanied by greater differences in cognitive development between chest Federal and expression fed kids.

Breast milk has been proven on many occasions to be the best start in life a babe can acquire. It is packed with unrecorded white blood cells, contains all the necessary foods and with the exclusion of vitamin K contains all the vitamins a babe needs. It has besides been claimed that chest eating reduces cot decease in babies through non incorporating any foreign merchandises and besides by hiking a babe ‘s immune system which helps fight off infection. Breast milk transportations some of a female parents ain antibodies on to her babe which helps the development of her babe ‘s ain immune system. It has been reported that chest eating can besides assist protect a kid from many allergic reactions and unwellnesss including eczema, asthma, malignant neoplastic disease, diabetes, and bosom disease to call but a few.

Breast milk has besides been reported as assisting to hike a kid ‘s mental capacity. Breast milk is free, it is ready available and it is ever at the right temperature, it is the perfect convenience nutrient. Furthermore chest milk is said to be a dynamic changing nutritionary beginning which adjusts to run into the single demands of a turning babe ( Ford, Taylor, Mitchell et al. , 1993 ) .

Mentions

  • M.M. Vennemann, T. Bajanowski, B. Brinkmann, G. Jorch, K. Y & A ; uuml ; cesan, C. , Sauerland, E.A. Mitchell and the GeSID Study Group ( 2009 ) . Does Breastfeeding Reduce the Hazard of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome?
  • R S C Horne, P M Parslow, D Ferens, A-M Watts, T M Adamson, ( 2004 ) Comparison of elicited reusability in chest and expression Federal babies
  • Anderson, J.W, Johnstone, B.M, & A ; Remley, D.T. ( 1999 ) . ‘Breast Feeding and Cognitive Development: a meta analysis ‘ . American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol 70, No 4, p525-535
  • Cassidy, R. ( 2009 ) . ‘The advantages of chest eating ‘ . Retrieved 3rd April, 2010 from hypertext transfer protocol: //ezinearticles.com/ ? The-Advantages-Of-Bottle-Feeding & A ; id=274171
  • Chen, A. , & A ; Rogan, W.J. , ( 2004 ) . ‘Breast Feeding and the Hazard of Post Neonatal Death in the United States ‘ . Pediatricss: 113: p435-439. Retrieved 3rd April, 2010 from hypertext transfer protocol: //pediatrics.aappublications.org/cgi/reprint/113/5/e45
  • Department of Health ( 2007 ) . ‘Infant Feeding Survey 2005 ‘ . p137 & A ; 141. Retrieved 3rd April, 2010 from hypertext transfer protocol: //www.ic.nhs.uk/webfiles/publications/ifs06/2005 % 20Infant % 20Feeding % 20Survey % 20 ( concluding % 20version ) .pdf
  • Department of Health, ( 2007 ) . ‘Breast Feeding and the NHS Priorities and Planning Framework ( 2003-2006 ) ‘ . Retrieved 3rd April, 2010 from hypertext transfer protocol: //209.85.229.132/custom? q=cache: QaXBkaVc0UoJ: www.haringey.nhs.uk/foi/foi_docs/7865_breast_feeding % 2520policy.doc+breast+feeding+and+the+nhs+priorities+and+planning+framework & A ; cd=1 & A ; hl=en & A ; ct=clnk & A ; client=google-coop-np
  • Department of Health and Social Security Committee on Medical Aspects of Food Policy ( 1974 ) . ‘Present Day Practices in Infant Feeding ‘ . Retrieved 3rd April, 2010 from hypertext transfer protocol: //www.popline.org/docs/1422/743909.html
  • Ford RP, Taylor BJ, Mitchell EA, et al. , ( 1993 ) Breastfeeding and the hazard of sudden baby decease syndrome. Int J Epidemiol ; 22:885-890.
  • Rosin, H. , ( 2009 ) . ‘The Case Against Breast Feeding ‘ . Cited in Celzic, M. ( 2009 ) . ‘Is Breast Feeding Really Best? Some adult females are oppugning whether the wellness benefits are worth it ‘ . ( 16th March ) . Retrieved 3rd April, 2010 from hypertext transfer protocol: //www.msnbc.msn.com/id/29718562/